Over the course of more than 400 years, Virginia has executed more people than any other state. Before 1900, those convicted of rape, murder, horse rustling, arson, burglary and robby could be sentenced to death. Now, the crimes for which the penalty can be death are willful, deliberate and pre-meditated murder in the commission of a rape; of a minor; of a pregnant woman; of a law enforcement officer; of a judge, attorney or witness; while committing another crime; in an act of terrorism; when there's more than 3 people; by an inmate in a correctional facility; during drug trafficking activities; and contract killing. The law has also been expanded to include those who are actively participating in the crime and not just the "triggerman". Those who are mentally incompetent cannot be sentenced to death. Those under 18 at the time of the crime are also precluded from the sentence of death.

    Before 1909, Hanging was the method of choice, although three convicted of piracy in 1700 were gibbetted, four pirates were hanged in chains in 1720, and in 1737, a female slave was burned. After the execution of Joel Payne in 1909, the electric chair was solely used until 1994, when when lethal injection was made available. Now, convicts have the choice of the electric chair or lethal injection. When no choice is made, the default is lethal injection.

    Death Row is located at Sussex State Prison near Waverly. However, inmates awaiting the death penalty are housed at Greensville Correctional Center near Jarrat.

    GovernorCapital Murder16 Mar 1860
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    Burket, Russell William30 Aug 2000Lethal InjectionCapital MurderKatherine and Ashley TafelskiJim Gilmore
    Cardwell, Kevin Wayne03 Dec 1998Lethal InjectionCapital MurderAnthony BrownJim Gilmore
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    Chabrol, Andrew J17 Jun 1993Electric ChairCapital MurderLisa HarringtonDouglas Wilder
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    Clozza, Albert Jay24 Jul 1991Electric ChairCapital MurderPatricia Ann BoltonDouglas Wilder
    Coleman, Roger Keith20 May 1992Electric ChairCapital MurderWanda Fay McCoyDouglas Wilder
    Copeland, John Anthony16 Dec 1859HangingTreasonRaid on Harper's FerryHenry A Wise
    Coppock, Edwin16 Dec 1859HangingTreasonRaid on Harper's FerryHenry A Wise
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    Correll, Walter Milton Jr4 Jan 1996Lethal InjectionCapital MurderCharles W Bousman JrGeorge Allen
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    DuBois, Johnile L31 Aug 1998Lethal InjectionCapital MurderPhilip CouncilJim Gilmore
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    Dana Thrall and Robert FinchTim Kaine
    Ellis, Percy13 Mar 1916Electric ChairMurder Henry Carter Stuart
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    Fitzgerald, Edward B Sr23 Jul 1992Electric ChairCapital MurderPatricia CubbageDouglas Wilder
    Fitzgerald, Ronald Lee21 Oct 1998Lethal InjectionCapital MurderCoy H White and Hugh MorrisonJim Gilmore
    Fry, Tony Leslie4 Feb 1999Lethal InjectionCapital MurderLeland A JacobsJim Gilmore
    George, Michael Carl6 Feb 1997Lethal InjectionCapital MurderAlexander SztankoGeorge Allen
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    Graham, Andre L9 Dec 1999Lethal InjectionCapital MurderSheryl Stack, Richard and Rebecca RosenbluthJim Gilmore
    Gray, Coleman Wayne26 Feb 1997Lethal InjectionCapital MurderRichard McClellandGeorge Allen
    Green, Kevin27 May 2008Lethal InjectionCapital MurderPatricia L VaughanTim Kaine
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    Kendall, Capt George1608 TreasonSpying for Spain 
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    Mickens, Walter Jr12 Jun 2002Lethal InjectionCapital MurderTimothy Jason HallMark Warner
    Mu'Min, Dawud Majid13 Nov 1997Lethal InjectionCapital MurderGladys NopwaskyGeorge Allen
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    O'Dell, Joseph Roger III23 Jul 1997Lethal InjectionCapital MurderHelen SchartnerGeorge Allen
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    Payne, Eric Christopher28 Apr 1999Lethal InjectionCapital MurderRuth Parham and Sally FazioJim Gilmore
    Payne, Joel9 Apr 1909HangingMurderFather-in-lawClaude A Swanson
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    Prosser, Martin10 Oct 1800HangingTreasonSlave RevoltJames Monroe
    Prosser, Solomon10 Oct 1800HangingTreasonSlave RevoltJames Monroe
    Pruett, David Mark16 Dec 1993Electric ChairCapital MurderWilma Harvey and Debra McInnisDouglas Wilder
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    Sheppard, Mark Arlo20 Jan 1999Lethal InjectionCapital MurderRichard and Rebecca RosenbluthJim Gilmore
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    Smith, Roy Bruce17 Jul 1997Lethal InjectionCapital MurderManassas Police Officer John ConnerGeorge Allen
    Spencer, Timothy Wilson27 Apr 1994Electric ChairCapital MurderSusan Tucker, Debbie Davis, Susan Hellams and Diane ChoGeorge Allen
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    Stockton, Dennis Wayne27 Sep 1995Lethal InjectionCapital MurderKenneth Arnde and Ronnie Lee TateGeorge Allen
    Stout, Larry Allen10 Dec 1996Lethal InjectionCapital MurderJacqueline KooshianGeorge Allen
    Strickler, Tommy David21 Jul 1999Lethal InjectionCapital MurderLeann WhitlockJim Gilmore
    Swisher, Bobby Wayne22 Jul 2003Lethal InjectionCapital MurderDawn McNees SnyderMark Warner
    Thomas, Douglas Christopher10 Jan 2000Lethal InjectionCapital MurderJames Baxter and Kathy J WisemanJim Gilmore
    Townes, Richard Jr23 Jan 1996Lethal InjectionCapital MurderVirginia GoebelGeorge Allen
    Tuggle, Lem Davis Jr12 Dec 1996Lethal InjectionCapital MurderJessie Geneva HavensGeorge Allen
    Turner, Nat11 Nov 1831HangingTreasonSlave RevoltJohn Floyd
    Turner, Willie Lloyd26 May 1995Lethal InjectionCapital MurderW Jack Smith JrGeorge Allen
    Vinson, Dexter Lee27 Apr 2006Lethal InjectionCapital MurderAngela FeltonTim Kaine
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    Watkins, Ronald L25 Mar 1998Lethal InjectionCapital MurderWilliam McCauleyJim Gilmore
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    Weeks, Lonnie Jr16 Mar 2000Lethal InjectionCapital MurderState Trooper Jose M CavazosJim Gilmore
    Whitley, Richard Lee6 Jul 1987Electric ChairCapital MurderPhoebe ParsonsGerald Baliles
    Williams, Marlon DeWayne17 Aug 1999Lethal InjectionCapital MurderHelen BedsoleJim Gilmore
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    Yeatts, Ronald Dale29 Apr 1999Lethal InjectionCapital MurderRuby Meeks DodsonJim Gilmore
    Zirkle, Daniel Lee2 Apr 2002Lethal InjectionCapital MurderChristina Zirkle and Jessica ShiflettMark Warner

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